Technical Workshop for Filmmakers

KALLOLA, Season-III
(Under Competitive Section)

A day long workshop was conducted for the adult film makers who had registered online under competitive section of Kallola short film contest 2017; on 19th August 2017 at Hotel Suryansh, BBSR. The day started with the welcome note by Ms. Jyoshna Sahoo, Aaina to all the participants and organizers and invited the resource persons to the dais to set the workshop context. She stated that Aaina, in support with UNICEF; Odisha has launched the 3rd season of Kallola-2017 a short film contest on child rights issues on 25th July 2017 after an official media launch. It is an attempt to spread public awareness on the rights of children using short films as a medium for the cause. Kallola in its 3rd year is supported by OSCPCR (Odisha State Commission for Protection of Child rights), WCD Dept. GoO (Women & Child development department, Govt of Odisha) and the media partner 'Alankar TV' (Odiya movie channel, 24x7). She told about the theme of the contest this year is "End Violence against Children"- Soch Badlo (change your attitude). She requested the participants to visit and log on to www.aaina.org.in/kallola to get more information about the contest.

Then Ms. Sneha Mishra, Secretary Aaina, shared the purpose of the workshop focusing on the initiative taken to address the child rights issue in a creative manner. She told that -

 *      The contest is open to all interested persons who feel convinced that the creative visual medium could a long way help in addressing the child rights issues.
 *      The films need to be up to duration 30sec / 60sec/ 90 sec and she suggested that it is ideal to make it by 60 sec to win for the prizes as experience says  and these winning  films will be shown in film theaters in Odisha and the theaters said that they accept only up to 60 sec films. Last year it was shown in both urban and rural based theaters.

She focused on the idea why child rights issue is need to be addressed as many a times being a child we had faced kind of violence and even we see many kinds of violence is on the children, which looses their potentialities and in a long run we are losing human resources and potential citizens. Children are the rights holder and it is our responsibility to provide them their rights and we do have duties to protect our children, our  duty is to see that our children are nourished and they are  developed to the extent we are. The films that are expected this year should change the thought process of the people and the behavior that has been going on the children violating their rights. She encouraged all the participants to submit film at least who have attended the workshop should make films and show their commitment for a cause.  And any kind of thematic support shall be provided by the organizers.

Then next session was by Ms. Alka Gupta, UNICEF, who welcomed the participants and started the session by asking the participants who are considered as "Child". The participants shared their views and Ms. Alka, told the legal definition of Child according to United Nations-"A human being below the age group of 18 years age". This definition varies from country to country defined in their constitution. India also considered the "child" as below the age of 18 years. She added on that Children are the future citizen of the country. They have right to speak, Right to have opinion, Right to education, right to life etc. The children have all the rights as we all have rights. But they need care and protection. This was to be given to them by parents, society, and government and every one. There are various laws for child protection and many a times these laws are violated. She cited an example that in India we have Right to education but we find there are so many children not been able to attend the school.

 "The purpose of the context is not just to make films but - 

1. To make "you" as film makers to understand the issues  while growing up and when you connect to the larger world should incorporate thoughts which can be reflected in the films creating an awareness spreading a message to the society;

2. There are large part of public who are not aware of these issues, many a times people don't even register  that they are violating their rights for example  we often witness a child bullying a child  but we ignore as this happens, it's very common but  it's really impacts when this is done repeatedly. Therefore making films will help in reaching out a large number of public and creating awareness about the issue and help in change in behavior. These films will be shown in Odisha and outside to raise public awareness. She gave examples of the short films acted by Amitabh Bachhan and its message which has strong impact. It captures the theme what it want to say." She also gave few example of AD s given in TV.

 Then she talked about UNCRC-United Nations Child Rights Convention, she reflected on the history of it. It came around 1989, but during the beginning of 19th Century, people tried to raise the issue related to children but it took 60 years to the convention to be in place and adopted.194 countries signed it, therefore the governments who have signed in the convention will ensure the rights of the children. Even the two countries that did not sign it are -USA and South Sudan. The UN Convention consists of 41 articles, each of which details a different type of right. These rights are not ranked in order of importance; instead they interact with one another to form one integrated set of rights. The articles are very very simple.

 There are four pillars of  Child Rights. They are-

1. Survival rights: include the child's right to life and the needs that are most basic to existence, such as nutrition, shelter, an adequate living standard, and access to medical services.
2. Development rights: include the right to education, play, leisure, cultural activities, and access to information, and freedom of thought, conscience and religion.
3. Protection rights: ensure children are safeguarded against all forms of abuse, neglect and exploitation.
4. Participation rights: encompass children's freedom to express opinions, to have a say in matters affecting their own lives, to join associations and to assemble peacefully.

Then a film was shown done by John Lenin and many of the famous stars were interested to give their voices including Ms. Priyanka Chopra. 

The next session was taken by Ms. Soma Bhattacharya, Auxin, on presenting the Theme 'End Violence against Children" "Soch Badlo".  She spoke on how violence happens. She showed a film won in Kallola 2016. She showed the half film and gave two situations of the film and asked the participants to respond to it. There was a lively discussion on the film showed. She asked the participants to give example of witnessing a child rights violation issue. Participants cited examples relating to education, begging, life skill education, sexual abuse, dress code of girls, domestic violence, child of divorced parents etc.

Ms. Soma and Ms. Sneha answered the queries of the examples given by the participants. In this session gender roles; gender discrimination and child rights violation and how to develop a perspective to change the attitude towards addressing the issues are discussed.

Then the next session was taken by Ms. Jyoshna Sahoo, Aaina on the guidelines and how to participate with live demonstration of the online submission of films via "we transfer".  She showed the app to upload the film. It was told that after uploading the film, the film maker will get an auto generated  mail that the film is submitted and when the kallola team will down load the  film again they will receive another auto generated mail stating that the film is being downloaded. If the film makers don't get any notification related to the down load of films within seven days of uploading then they should contact Kalolla team or Aaina office.

She showed the participants the website and where to access the information and how to register and submit the forms and the films. The FAQ's are also discussed and queries of the participants got answered. During her session she focuses on the consent form and it's importance during film submission.

Post lunch session was taken by Mr Sanjay Rodrigues, Advertising Professional, Mumbai on condensing issues into a short film format. He started his session by asking a question to the participants that "do they know how communicable films are done". He elaborated on the fact that film making doesn't involve in Shooting but it mainly involves writing the thoughts to be put on the paper. He asked the participants that how many times they would take to show "girl running in the beach". Participants response varied from 5 sec to 25 sec. Mr. Sanjay told that everyone is right as everyone sees the idea differently. He told the first stepping stone of film making is -to write down...

He presented a film as case study and discussed on it. He showed the film "11 minutes-No Smoking" featuring Sunny Leone and Alok Nath in it. Then he asked the participants where to edit and shorten this film. The participants shared the points they have written to shorten the film they are-

* Bulb scene-symbolism

* Road  scene

* Many offerings

* Bed room scene

* Many characters etc..

All the participants have rightly said the things, he mentioned. He gave examples of some bollywood directors stating that if writing the story properly not done then the product would not come out properly. His case study on the second film he showed on Usage of Social media on bullying. He discussed the techniques, symbols to communicate the message properly. He told that they take the ideas from the real life and make advertisements.

He shared many live examples of the Bollywood and Hollywood directors and films on film making which included films like "Mom, Jane bhi do Yaaron, Uddan, Benhur, Sholay. He told some major and minor things in making a short film; those are- 

* Write down what is to be made, trickle down to the smallest aspect of the film, this is the most basic part of film making;

* Focus on the Target  audience;

* Squeeze the idea into time;

* Use time keeper or stop watch to monitor the lengths of the film;

* Films should be clean and crisp with proper message;

* Use symbols to tell the ideas.  Transfer

He cited the examples of some films which were not commercially a hit but able to receive the appreciation of the audience and convey the message they intended to do. He took an open discussion with the participants and answered the queries before he ended the session.

The last session was taken by Mr. Biren Das, Media Freelancer, on Screening of short films & Analysis. He told the techniques and the small things needed to make an impactful film for social change. He showed some of the films on Land and forest rights, Water harvesting, animated film, education, and discussed on each film and the theme. On the first film he showed on forest rights-"Gaon chodab Nahi"; this film was made to show the protest against the Utkal Alumina in Raygada district of Odisha. He told that this film has captured the energy, the background music and a local dialect song to send across the message of their protest. He shared his experience in working with ISRO and working with Scientist where they introduced Development Communication. He told that-

* Successful or failure of film in not important but the path or journey is important;

* Write down the story first;

* To feel the pulse of the audience. Need to respect the feeling of the target audience;

* Do carry out an in-depth background research before making the film;

* Give importance to the sound and try to collect the natural background sound during the shoot which will put a light on the film;

* Editing is a main activity, what to keep and what to delete which will not miss the message of the film.

Before winding up his session he showed two films on women empowerment and skill development. And ended up in Saying -"Small is beautiful and small is Impactful."

The Ms. Jyoshna, Team lead, Kallola, gave the vote of thanks and appealed to submit the film on the theme and timely submission.