What We Do

Working With Disability
Working With Women
Working With Children
Other Activities
Case Studies
Past Projects
Working With Disability :: CBR
Community Based Rehabilitation
At aaina, we believe change begins at the community level. We have an integrated approach, working closely with children and adults with disabilities, as well as parents, community members and teachers, identifying problems and adopting need based strategies. Our operations address 3 thematic fields – Education, Health and Livelihood.

‘A Step Ahead’ is a CBR project in operation since July 2004 in 30 villages of Dharakote block, Ganjam, supported by CBR Forum, Bangalore involving 322 persons with disabilities.

‘Project Ananya’ is the first extensive community based initiative undertaken in the district of Ganjam. In the year 2000 the project started with a district wide enumeration and status survey of the persons with disability. It was started as the first support initiative on disability in South East Asia of Save the Children (UK) and is now concentrated in 260 Villages in 9 Blocks of Ganjam District.

‘Project Satyabhama’ – AAHWAN was started in the month of January 2009 now runs in 95 villages of Kamakshyanagar and Kankadahad block covering 10 GPs in Dhenkanal district. The project is intended at community based rehabilitation of PWDs with a special focus on children.
Our CBR projects span the following core areas
  Inclusive Education
Inclusive Children’s Groups
  Early, identification, intervention & rehabilitation

Formation of SHGs/DPOs & capacity building
Skill development
Promotion of – IGP (Income Generation Programmes) individually and in groups

Education: Inclusive Education
Under ‘Project Satyabhama’ and ‘Project Ananya’ our aim is to promote Inclusive Education and sensitize the community and duty bearers so that PwDs can lead their life with dignity.
To mainstream the children with disability for education
To promote child rights with regards to their inclusion and protection issues

Key Activities

Children’s Library

Two Children’s Libraries have been opened in two different project blocks (Kamakhya Nagar and Kankadahada). Every Saturday & Sunday the Children's Club members come to read books in the library - novels, autobiographies and educational books. The field staff also distribute books to remote villages. During summer vacation, we plan to open the library every day and arrange some fun games, quizzes and competitions.

Sensitizing the community

Many programs are held throughout the year to sensitize the community about disability and develop a positive attitude towards persons and children with disabilities. Examples include cultural programs to showcase the talents of CWDs, street plays and integrated sports.

Improve the status of dropouts and non-initiated children with disability in the community

Education in functional literacy for dropouts and non-school going children, Pre Vocational training to the children above 15 years wherever required is also organised.

Ensure education of all CWDs below 14 years in association with SSA and to create conditions for Inclusive Education in the mainstream educational structure.

Preparatory centre for mainstreaming, inclusion or getting the children admitted in mainstream schools, Sensitization workshop with peer groups, Mobilizing scholarships for CWDs in school.

RTI Workshops

E.g. for SHAG leaders to have a clear knowledge regarding the scopes in RTI and what is its use for the PWDs for advocacy.

Street Plays
Street plays are a fantastic way to raise awareness on a variety of issues, as well as raise morale and encourage the involvement of children. We organise street plays on issues such as inclusion of PwDs and promotion of Child Rights.

Orientation for Teachers

Across our projects we have been running workshops on Joyful Learning and preparation of low cost and no cost TLM for all the VLWs and the Resource centre teachers.

Orientation for Children

The Children’s Club members are oriented on a variety of topics such UNCRC and how to build a child friendly space in schools and villages. Children are encouraged to get involved and take responsibility amongst their peer groups.

Education: Inclusive Children’s Groups
The aim of the Children’s Clubs is to give a voice to excluded children and promote their rights. In partnership with Save the Children, we run 30 Children’s Clubs, involving almost 1,000 children.
Key Objectives
Inclusion of groups that have been excluded on the basis of class, caste, religion, gender or other reasons
Bringing universal education to those who have been discriminated against or prevented from going to school for other reasons
Key Strategies
Promoting Inclusive Children’s Clubs where children from all backgrounds can gather together and discuss various issues related to child rights
Creating a space where children can play and study together, increasing interaction between children from various different backgrounds
Key Activities
Discussion of various child-rights related problems and issues, especially regarding discriminations due to caste and gender.
Raising awareness about rights and plans for attaining justice, such as RTE and UNCRC. Training programmes are organised for the children club members of all the 30 villages on Right to Education Act-2010 and regarding the scope for marginalized children
Identification of excluded children in the village (exclusion mapping)
Organizing interventions (in partnership with Child Protection Committees) to include such excluded children, by counseling both the children as well as their families.
Bringing dropouts back to school
Participating in the efforts to end child labor and child marriage
Amo Swora: the quarterly newsletter produced by children for children. See the latest issues from Kandhamal and Kamakhya nagar.

Health: Early Intervention
Working for the development and inclusion of persons with disabilities, our work involves identification & intervention in terms of direct therapy and healthcare, as well as training and sensitization among the community.

Key Activities
Improve the functional ability of the PWD
This includes physiotherapy and occupational therapy, referral services, improvement of communication skills, ADL and social behaviour interventions for children with intellectual and behavioural problems.

Improving the skills of the parents
Some of the important programmes include home based management workshop for the parents (ADL, therapy, behaviour modification), home based training of parents of children receiving intensive interventions by CBRWs, sharing of rehabilitation skills with parents and siblings by CBRWs through village level group activities, group review of children (assessment and intervention plan) by CBRWs and professional staff together with parents.

Resource Centres

10 Resource Centres are established in the project area of Dhenkanal. The purpose of these centres is to prepare the CWDs for mainstreaming and also provide information regarding disability in the community. One local teacher is appointed to look after the progress of the children along with therapeutic development.

Identification, Assessment & Referral Services

Through Identification camps we identify PwDs in need of medical assistance and refer them to local and state hospitals for further treatment. We also assess PwDs and support them in applying for aids and appliances (e.g. wheelchairs, hearing aids)

Health Camps

Health Camps provide medical examinations and advice for PwDs and distribute free medicine. During August 2010 a health camp was organised for the PWMI at the sub divisional medical campus, KamakhyaNagar with the convergence of district and block administration, National Rural Health Mission (NRHM). ICDS & SSA. 81 PWMI attended and were examined by the Specialist and also distributed free medicine aaina organised and facilitated all the camp activities.

Health & Nutrition Camps have also been organised in the projects to raise awareness about the importance of local nutritious food and mother’s milk for babies.

Workshop on Assistive Devices and Adoptive Practices

We run workshops on assistive devices and adoptive practices for the staff and parents of children with mobility problems. The purpose of the workshop is to learn how to prepare low cost aids and appliances from locally available material, and so reduces dependency on Govt. assistance.

It is a two-day, entirely participatory programme. The participants learn the skills to prepare different aids & appliances and assistive devices such as Parallel bars, Special chair, AAC Board, Corner seat etc. for the children

Livelihood: Formation Of SHGS/DPOS & Capacity Building
More than 150 SHGs have been established across Odisha with the help of aaina, under the name “Ananya Swayam Sahayak Gosthi”.

Building Capacity
Though the SHGs of persons with disability are facilitated through our projects, their long-term sustainability is our prime concern. Group leaders and members are empowered through leadership development training, book keeping and money maintenance.

Financial Support

Through the support of development banks like NABARD the regional branches of SBI, RGB, Aska Cooperative bank are periodically consulted and linkages and loan forwarding made to the SHGs. The lending banks are happy and eager to extend loan to more number of these SHGs, as the loan repayment status is almost absolute 100%. It is a noteworthy point to state that the women-headed SHGs are performing with greatest initiative. Many of the female members have been able establish their financial independence through small time business set ups.


At present many SHGs have taken up loans and are doing some economic activities in the move towards self-sufficiency. A poultry farm has been established by taking a loan of 1 Lakhs, SHG of Jhadabumi had also taken up a loan of Rs 1 Lakh and is successfully doing mushroom farming. Besides these big activities many SHGs have taken up loan and are engaged in small economic activities. Some such SHGs are SHG of Turumu which had taken up a loan of 20,000, of Mogura - a loan of 30,000, Bidipur – Rs 50,000, Baruda – Rs 30,000, 7 SHGs of Belaguntha block that were given an assistance of Rs 1,50,000 to women with disabilities exclusively. In all it can be said that the organisation had brought the PWDs virtually to a position where they are now striving to become self sufficient and thereby live a dignified life.

Livelihood: Skill Development
Vocational Training Centre

A Vocational Training Centre has been established on the campus of Project Office, Kamakshyanagar on mobile repairing. At present 12 young persons with disabilities are involved in the programme. A professional trainer gives practical training to the young people on repairing mobile phones. There are plans to contact banks, Government and financial institutions for financial support for the sustainability of the programme. The goal of the programme is for the trainees to set up their own businesses in and around Kamakshyanagar because there is huge demand for this trade.

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